Blepharitis is an inflammation or infection of the eyelid. It is often caused by bacteria (usually staphylococcus) or related to a long-term (chronic) skin condition. These may include dandruff, skin allergies, or eczema.
This condition causes the edge of the eyelid to become red, itchy, and irritated. Sores may develop on the eyelid, or the eyeball itself may get red. The eye may also burn and itch. Matter may collect in the eye and form a crust on the eyelid edge and eyelashes overnight.
Usually, home treatment is all that is needed to treat blepharitis. This includes keeping the eyelids free of crust by cleaning the area with a mild soap that does not irritate the eyes, such as baby shampoo; placing warm washcloths over the eye; and applying antibiotic eye ointments. Severe cases of blepharitis may need to be treated with oral antibiotics (pills).
Current as of: October 12, 2022
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine & Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Heather Quinn MD - Family Medicine